The Sandal tree is grown in East Asia, most commonly found in the forests of Karnataka, India. The tree matures at around 60-80 years but cultivation is often started when the tree is between 30-40 years old. The first known uses of Sandalwood has been traced to 4,000 years ago.
Sandalwood is prized for a striking "base note" in aromatherapy and perfume making. Sandalwood essential oil's main component: beta-santalol (90% of oil) has antimicrobial properties. Sandalwood is also known to be a mild aphrodesiac and is one of the closest natural smells to human pharamones.